What Is Cancer?
Cancer is in fact a group of lots of related diseases that all pertain to cells. Cells are the very small systems that comprise all living things, including the human body. There are billions of cells in each individual's body.
Cancer takes place when cells that are not normal grow and spread out really fast. Typical body cells grow and divide and understand to stop growing. Over time, they also die. Unlike these regular cells, cancer cells just continue to grow and divide out of control and do not pass away when they're supposed to.
Cancer cells typically group or clump together to form growths (state: TOO-mers). A growing tumor becomes a swelling of cancer cells that can damage the regular cells around the tumor and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make someone extremely ill.
Sometimes cancer cells break away from the original growth and travel to other locations of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form brand-new tumors. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a tumor to a brand-new location in the body is called metastasis (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Causes of Cancer
You probably understand a kid who had chickenpox-- perhaps even you. But you probably don't understand any kids who have actually had cancer. If you loaded a big football arena with kids, probably only one kid in that stadium would have cancer.
Physicians aren't sure why some individuals get cancer and others do not. They do understand that cancer is not contagious. You can't catch it from another person who has it-- cancer isn't triggered by bacteria, like colds or the flu are. So don't hesitate of other kids-- or anybody else-- with cancer. You can talk with, play with, and hug someone with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids think that a bump on the head causes brain cancer or that bad people get cancer. This isn't true! Kids don't do anything incorrect to get cancer. However some unhealthy routines, especially cigarette smoking or drinking too much alcohol every day, can make you a lot most likely to get cancer when you end up being a grownup.
It can take a while for a physician to figure out a kid has cancer. That's due to the fact that the symptoms cancer can trigger-- weight-loss, fevers, swollen glands, or feeling overly exhausted or ill for a while-- usually are not caused by cancer. When a kid has these issues, it's typically triggered by something less serious, like an infection. With medical testing, the physician can determine what's triggering the problem.
If the medical professional suspects cancer, he or she can do tests to figure out if that's the problem. A medical professional might buy X-rays and blood tests and advise the person go to see an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a physician who looks after and deals with cancer clients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to discover out if somebody actually has cancer. If so, tests can determine what kind of cancer it is and if it has actually infected other parts of the body. Based upon the outcomes, the doctor will decide the best way to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a surgeon) may perform is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). Throughout a biopsy, a piece of tissue is eliminated from a growth or a place in the body where cancer is believed, like the bone marrow. Do not worry-- someone getting this test will get special medicine to keep him or her comfy throughout the biopsy. The sample that's gathered will be taken a look at under a microscopic lense for cancer cells.
The sooner cancer is found and treatment begins, the better someone's possibilities are for a full healing and remedy.
Dealing With Cancer Thoroughly
Cancer is treated with surgical treatment, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or often a mix of these treatments. The option of treatment depends on:
Surgery is the oldest form of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 people with cancer will have an operation to remove it. During surgery, the doctor tries to take out as lots of cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue may likewise be removed to ensure that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is making use of Click here for more anti-cancer medicines (drugs) to deal with cancer. These medicines are sometimes taken as a pill, but typically are provided through a special intravenous (say: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, also called an IV. An IV is a tiny plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is put into a vein through somebody's skin, usually on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medication. The medicine flows from the bag into a vein, which puts the medicine into the blood, where it can travel throughout the body and attack cancer cells.